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Energy Resources

Virginia’s natural energy resources represent a valuable asset and significantly contribute to the economic well-being of the Commonwealth. These resources include hydroelectric, wind, solar, geothermal, and other alternative energy sources, yet the primary energy products in Virginia include the fossil fuels coal, natural gas, and oil.  Although occurrences of uranium have been investigated in the past and continue to be of interest today, uranium has never been mined, and the regulatory framework for mining remains to be developed. 

Coal     Natural Gas

Oil     Geothermal


What are the sources of Energy in Virginia?

In 2018, natural gas fueled 53% of Virginia's electricity net generation, nuclear power provided almost 31%, coal fueled about 10% and renewable resources, primarily biomass, supplied nearly 7%.  At the end of 2017, Virginia ranked third in the nation, after Colorado and New Mexico, in coalbed methane proved reserves, and two Virginia coalbed methane fields are ranked among the top 100 natural gas fields in the United States (EIA, 2019). View the U.S. Energy Information Administration Virginia State Energy Profile    here »

Net electricity power generation in Virginia, 2019.

Figure 1. Net electricity power generation in Virginia, 2019.
Source: U.S. Department of Energy, Energy Information Administration.


Where can I get more information on energy resources in Virgina?

The Virginia Energy Plan 2018 provides both a status update on Virginia’s current energy system and a set of recommendations that are both forward-looking and adaptive to enable the energy transformations that are underway. The intention of these recommendations is to support technological advances, create new business opportunities, and allow Virginia’s energy markets to grow.

As part of the Virginia Department of Mines, Minerals and Energy (DMME), the Division of Geology and Mineral Resources (DGMR) investigates the key geologic factors that affect the distribution, availability, quality, and remaining quantities of energy and mineral resources.  The results of these investigations are provided as reports, maps, brochures and other educational materials that are available for free download or purchase. The Division of Energy (DE) advances sustainable energy practices and behaviors in the Commonwealth. Learn more about energy efficiency, alternative and renewable energy and the Virginia Energy Management Program here »